The human spinal column is made up of 33 bones - 7 vertebrae in the cervical region, 12 in the thoracic region, 5 in the lumbar region, 5 in the sacral region and 4 in the coccygeal region. It is a safe casing for the delicate Spinal Cord which regulates the functions of the body.
The Spine is surrounded by many ligaments and muscles to give it a great strtength, howsoever there are various diseases which affect the spine.
Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips.
The backbone protects the spinal cord and allows the person to stand and bend. Spinal stenosis causes narrowing in the spine. The narrowing can occur at the center of the spine, in the canals branching off the spine and/or between the vertebrae, the bones of the spine. The narrowing puts pressure on nerves and spinal cord and can cause pain.
The backbone, or spine, is made up of 26 bones called vertebrae. In between them are soft disks filled with a jelly-like substance. These disks cushion the vertebrae and keep them in place. A herniated disk is a disk that slips out of place or ruptures. If it presses on a nerve, it can cause back pain or sciatica.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis of the spine. It causes swelling between your vertebrae, which are the disks that make up your spine, and in the joints between your spine and pelvis. Ankylosing spondylitis is an immune disease. The disease is more common and more severe in men. It often runs in families.
Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens bones and makes them susceptible to fracture. Fractures due to osteoporosis of the spine usually affect women after the age of 50. The spine is made up of soft trabecular bone, without the tough outer cortical bone covering. This makes the spine more susceptible to fractures.
A vertebral compression fracture occurs when the bones of the spine become broken due to trauma. Usually the trauma necessary to break the bones of the spine is quite large. In certain circumstances, however, such as in elderly people and in people with cancer, these same bones can break with little or no force. The vertebrae most commonly broken are those in the lower back.
A spinal tumor is a development of unwanted cells in or around the spinal cord. These tumours can be benign i.e. non-cancerous or they may be malignant i.e. cancerous. Spinal tumors can occur inside the cord or in the membranes (meninges) covering the spinal cord or between the meninges and bones of the spine. It may also extend to the blood vessels, bones of the spine, nerve roots or spinal cord cells.
Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which a bone (vertebra) in the lower part of the spine slips out of the proper position onto the bone below it. Causes of spondylolisthesis include bone diseases, traumatic fractures, and stress fractures (commonly seen in gymnasts).
Dr Anubhav Gulati
MBBS, MS (Ortho), MRCS (Edinburgh)
Joint Replacement Surgeon
Dr Anubhav Gulati is a well known orthopaedic and joint replacement surgeon having worked with various hospitals in Delhi, Gurgaon and abroad. Dr Gulati has an experience of more than 17 years as orthopaedic, trauma and joint replacement surgeon. He has been extensively trained in all joint replacement surgeries and trauma surgeries like nailing, plating, fixation, poly trauma, multiple fractures etc.
Dr Vikas Kathuria
MBBS, MS, M.Ch (Neurosurgery)
Spine & Brain Surgeon
He has specialization in performing spine surgeries for nerve decompression, disc replacement, fixation, fusion and spinal tumour surgeries. Dr Vikas Kathuria has an experiencee of more than 7 years as a neurosurgeon. Before joining GNH Hospital Dr Kathuria has worked with some of the best hospitals like Paras Hospital, Gurgaon and has been Asst Professor Neurosurgery at PGI Rohtak.
Dr Debashish Chanda
MBBS, MS (Ortho), Fellowship In Arthroplasty (Computer Navigation)
Joint Replacement Surgeon
Dr Debashish Chanda is an accomplished and trained orthopaedic surgeon. Dr Chanda specializes in elective orthopaedic surgeries like fracture fixation, complex fractures and trauma surgeries. Apart from orthoapedic surgery he is also trained in arthroscopic surgery for ACL / PCL tear, Meniscus tear, shouder and other small joint arthroscopy.
Dr Chanda has undergone special training at Lilalvati and Breach Candy hospital Mumbai for computer navigated joint replacement surgery which is the most advanced and best method for joint replacement.